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12 stycznia 2021

[1] The NSA uses SolarWinds software itself. [249] He pointed out that an escalatory response to espionage would be counterproductive for U.S. interests, whereas finally strengthening the defenses and drawing clear red lines in the gray areas of cyber-conflict policy would be more fruitful strategies. [247] Law professor Jack Goldsmith wrote that the hack was a damaging act of cyber-espionage but "does not violate international law or norms" and wrote that "because of its own practices, the U.S. government has traditionally accepted the legitimacy of foreign governmental electronic spying in U.S. government networks. [1] On December 22, 2020, the North American Electric Reliability Corporation asked electricity companies to report their level of exposure to Solarwinds software. [8] On December 13, 2020, CISA issued an emergency directive asking federal agencies to disable the SolarWinds software, to reduce the risk of additional intrusions, even though doing so would reduce those agencies' ability to monitor their computer networks. Senator Richard J. Durbin described the cyberattack as tantamount to a declaration of war. "[250][251] U.S. [1] The NSA is not known to have been aware of the attack before being notified by FireEye. slt2021 4 days ago. Discovery of the breaches at the Treasury and the Department of Commerce immediately raised concerns that the attackers would attempt to breach other departments, or had already done so. [14] Volexity said it was not able to identify the attacker. This is a much bigger story than one single agency. [8][137] Commentators said that the information stolen in the attack would increase the perpetrator's influence for years to come. FireEye discovered a supply chain attack trojanizing SolarWinds Orion business software updates in order to distribute malware we call SUNBURST. [57][58][59] Numerous federal cybersecurity recommendations made by the Government Accountability Office and others had not been implemented. Think Tank", "Microsoft alerts CrowdStrike of hackers' attempted break-in", "Russian State-Sponsored Advanced Persistent Threat Actor Compromises U.S. Government Targets", "Hackers backed by foreign government reportedly steal info from US Treasury", "FireEye, a Top Cybersecurity Firm, Says It Was Hacked by a Nation-State", "US cybersecurity firm FireEye says it was hacked by foreign government", "Russia's FireEye Hack Is a Statement—but Not a Catastrophe", "Suspected Russia SolarWinds hack exposed after FireEye cybersecurity firm found "backdoor, "Highly Evasive Attacker Leverages SolarWinds Supply Chain to Compromise Multiple Global Victims With SUNBURST Backdoor", "What you need to know about the biggest hack of the US government in years", "New Sunspot malware found while investigating SolarWinds hack", "NSA says Russian state hackers are using a VMware flaw to ransack networks", "Russian-sponsored hackers behind broad security breach of U.S. agencies: sources", "50 orgs 'genuinely impacted' by SolarWinds hack, FireEye chief says", "SolarWinds malware has "curious" ties to Russian-speaking hackers", "Kaspersky Lab autopsies evidence on SolarWinds hack", "SolarWinds Hackers Shared Tricks With Known Russian Cyberspies", "Global cyber-espionage campaign linked to Russian spying tools", "Trump downplays government hack after Pompeo blames it on Russia", "Pompeo: Russia 'pretty clearly' behind massive cyberattack", "Trump downplays massive US cyberattack, points to China", "Trump downplays impact of hack, questions whether Russia involved", "US cyber-attack: Around 50 firms 'genuinely impacted' by massive breach", "Trump finds himself isolated in refusal to blame Russia for big cyberattack", "Barr contradicts Trump by saying it 'certainly appears' Russia behind cyberattack", "Attorney General Barr breaks with Trump, says SolarWinds hack 'certainly appears to be the Russians, "Treasury Department's Senior Leaders Were Targeted by Hacking", "U.S. This system, although unclassified, is highly sensitive because of the Treasury Department's role in making decisions that move the market, as well as decisions on economic sanctions and interactions with the Federal Reserve. [95] This access apparently helped them to hunt for certificates that would let them sign SAML tokens, allowing them to masquerade as legitimate users to additional on-premises services and to cloud services like Microsoft Azure Active Directory. The New York Times has more details.. About 18,000 private and government users downloaded a Russian tainted software update –­ a Trojan horse of sorts ­– that gave its hackers a foothold into victims’ systems, according to SolarWinds, the company whose software was compromised. [26][25] The cyberattack and data breach were reported to be among the worst cyber-espionage incidents ever suffered by the U.S., due to the sensitivity and high profile of the targets and the long duration (eight to nine months) in which the hackers had access. [1][35][36], The attack, which had gone undetected for months, was first publicly reported on December 13, 2020,[24][25] and was initially only known to have affected the U.S. Treasury Department and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), part of the U.S. Department of Commerce. It's hard to overstate how bad it is | Bruce Schneier", "Opinion | With Hacking, the United States Needs to Stop Playing the Victim", "The Government Has Known About the Vulnerabilities That Allowed Russia's Latest Hack for Decades—and Chose Not to Fix Them", "Should the U.S. The Russian government hackers who breached a top cybersecurity firm are behind a global espionage campaign that also compromised the Treasury and Commerce departments and other government agencies, according to people familiar with the matter, … [1] Other prominent U.S. organisations known to use SolarWinds products, though not necessarily Orion, were the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Boeing, and most Fortune 500 companies. [22], On December 18, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Russia was "pretty clearly" responsible for the cyber attack. [101][102][14] The attacker exploited a vulnerability in the organization's Microsoft Exchange Control Panel, and used a novel method to bypass multi-factor authentication. [8][38][54] This attack apparently used counterfeit identity tokens of some kind, allowing the attackers to trick Microsoft's authentication systems. [1][5], As of mid-December 2020, U.S. officials were still investigating what was stolen in the cases where breaches had occurred, and trying to determine how it could be used. [23][24], Additionally, a flaw in Microsoft's Outlook Web App may have allowed attackers to bypass multi-factor authentication. [90][92] The malware started to contact command-and-control servers in April 2020, initially from North America and Europe and subsequently from other continents too. [58][59][60] Numerous federal cybersecurity recommendations made by the Government Accountability Office and others had not been implemented. [1][136] Outside the U.S., reported SolarWinds clients included parts of the British government, including the Home Office, National Health Service, and signals intelligence agencies; the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); the European Parliament; and likely AstraZeneca. [50][51], The federal data breach occurred over the course of at least 8 or 9 months during the final year of the presidency of Donald Trump. In a statement, the Santa Clara, California-based c [220] The committee's vice-chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for failing to acknowledge or react to the hack. Senator Richard J. Durbin (D-IL) described the attack as tantamount to a declaration of war. [72][2] Biden's incoming chief of staff, Ron Klain, said the Biden administration's response to the hack would extend beyond sanctions. From top, clockwise: List of confirmed connected data breaches. "Unraveling Network Infrastructure Linked to the SolarWinds Hack". "[35] On December 18, the United Kingdom National Cyber Security Centre said that it was still establishing the attacks' impact on the UK. They also stated that because deterrence may not effectively discourage cyber-espionage attempts by threat actors, the U.S. should also focus on making cyber-espionage less successful through methods such as enhanced cyber-defenses, better information-sharing, and "defending forward" (reducing Russian and Chinese offensive cyber-capabilities). [86][11] Once inside the target networks, the attackers pivoted, installing exploitation tools such as Cobalt strike components,[93][90] and seeking additional access. [123][122][120][225][226] He speculated, without evidence, that the attack might also have involved a "hit" on voting machines, part of a long-running campaign by Trump to falsely assert that he won the 2020 election. [64][110], The security community shifted its attention to Orion. [219], The Senate Armed Services Committee's cybersecurity subcommittee was briefed by Defense Department officials. reply. [42] Marco Rubio, acting chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said the U.S. must retaliate, but only once the perpetrator is certain. 2 Senate Democrat decries alleged Russian hack as 'virtual invasion, "Trump downplays Russia in first comments on hacking campaign", "Trump downplays massive cyber hack on government after Pompeo links attack to Russia", "Trump Has Been Whining About Fake Fraud—and Ignoring a Real Cybersecurity Crisis", "White House Eliminates Cybersecurity Coordinator Role (Published 2018)", "Trump's chaos made America a sitting duck for cyberattacks", "Russian government hackers behind breach at US treasury and commerce departments", "Trump fires top DHS official who refuted his claims that the election was rigged", "Hackers backed by foreign government breach Treasury, Commerce departments: reports", "Forensic News Roundup: Russia hacks U.S. government, Trump silent", "Senior DHS cybersecurity official to step down at end of week", "SolarWinds Hack Followed Years of Warnings of Weak Cybersecurity", "The SolarWinds Perfect Storm: Default Password, Access Sales and More", "Hackers used SolarWinds' dominance against it in sprawling spy campaign", "SolarWinds Adviser Warned of Lax Security Years Before Hack", "SolarWinds Hack Could Affect 18K Customers", "SolarWinds FTP credentials were leaking on GitHub in November 2019", "SolarWinds: Hey, only as many as 18,000 customers installed backdoored software linked to US govt hacks", "We're not saying this is how SolarWinds was backdoored, but its FTP password 'leaked on GitHub in plaintext, "SolarWinds hack has shaved 23% from software company's stock this week", "SolarWinds' shares drop 22 per cent. [213], On December 18, 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that some details of the event would likely be classified so as not to become public. [68][70], Multiple attack vectors were used in the course of breaching the various victims of the incident.[71][72]. [5][97][98] Having accessed data of interest, they encrypted and exfiltrated it. [139] Cyberconflict professor Thomas Rid said the stolen data would have myriad uses. [1][231][232] Adam Schiff, chair of the House Intelligence Committee, described Trump's statements as dishonest,[233] calling the comment a "scandalous betrayal of our national security" that "sounds like it could have been written in the Kremlin. This week I am spending a bit of time discussing The huge hack on SolarWinds Orion Software and why we will be feeling the repercussions for years — and yes it could have been prevented. [66][67], On December 7, 2020, a few days before trojaned SolarWinds software was publicly confirmed to have been used to attack other organizations, longstanding SolarWinds CEO Kevin Thompson retired. The SolarWinds hack is among the most ambitious cyber operations ever disclosed, compromising at least half-a-dozen federal agencies and potentially thousands of companies and other institutions. From top, clockwise: List of confirmed connected data breaches, Investigations and response by security agencies, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Administrative Office of the United States Courts, discover which SolarWinds customers were infected, North American Electric Reliability Corporation, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, long-running campaign by Trump to falsely assert that he won the 2020 election, United Kingdom National Cyber Security Centre, Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, 2021 insurrection at the United States Capitol, 2021 Terrorism Incidents in the United States, 2020–21 Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens men's basketball team, 2020 Kansas House of Representatives election, United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Canada, Mexico, others, Court documents, including sealed case files, Before October 2019 (start of supply chain compromise), March 2020 (possible federal breach start date). [11][12] Throughout this time, the White House lacked a cybersecurity coordinator, Trump having eliminated the post itself in 2018. Trump's claim was rebutted by former CISA director Chris Krebs, who pointed out that Trump's claim was not possible. [64], On December 14, 2020, the CEOs of several American utility companies convened to discuss the risks posed to the power grid by the attacks. SolarWinds released its first products, Trace Route and Ping Sweep, earlier in March 1998 and released its first web-based network performancemonitoring application in November 2001. Agencies Exposed in Attack by Suspected Russian Hackers", "Cyber attack may be 'worst hacking case in the history of America, "US under major active cyberattack from Russia, Trump's former security adviser warns", "What we know – and still don't – about the worst-ever US government cyber-attack", "U.K. Government, NATO Join U.S. in Monitoring Risk From Hack", "At Least 200 Victims Identified in Suspected Russian Hacking", "White House acknowledges reports of cyberattack on U.S. Treasury by foreign government", "Russian Hackers Broke Into Federal Agencies, U.S. Officials Suspect", "Russian government-backed hackers breached the U.S. Treasury, Commerce departments", "Treasury, Commerce, Other Agencies Hacked by Russian Government Spies, Report Says", "Microsoft says it found malicious software in its systems", "What We Do and Don't Know About the Massive Federal Government Hack", "NSA warns of federated login abuse for local-to-cloud attacks", "It could take years to evict Russia from the US networks it hacked, leaving it free to destroy or tamper with data, ex-White House official warns", "Here are the critical responses required of all businesses after SolarWinds supply-chain hack", "No. [26][25] FireEye gave the suspects the placeholder name "UNC2452";[77][13] incident response firm Volexity called them "Dark Halo". [47][48] U.S. [68][69] That same day, two private equity firms with ties to SolarWinds's board sold substantial amounts of stock in SolarWinds. [8][85] If a user installed the update, this would execute the malware payload, which would stay dormant for 12–14 days before attempting to communicate with one or more of several command-and-control servers. [61][19] The tool that the attackers used to insert SUNBURST into Orion updates was later isolated by cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike, who called it SUNSPOT. [227][228], The Administrative Office of the United States Courts initiated an audit, with DHS, of the U.S. Judiciary's Case Management/Electronic Case Files (CM/ECF) system. However, the attack is not via the Sunburst backdoor in the SolarWinds Orion software, but via a different malware. Slowik, Joe. [207][153], GoDaddy handed ownership to Microsoft of a command-and-control domain used in the attack, allowing Microsoft to activate a killswitch in the Sunburst malware, and to discover which SolarWinds customers were infected. Trump then pivoted to insisting that he had won the 2020 presidential election. [171][178] It stopped accepting highly sensitive court documents to the CM/ECF, requiring those instead to be accepted only in paper form or on airgapped devices. [235], NATO said that it was "currently assessing the situation, with a view to identifying and mitigating any potential risks to our networks. [226], Senator Ron Wyden called for mandatory security reviews of software used by federal agencies. [249], By contrast, Microsoft president Brad Smith termed the hack a cyberattack,[246] stating that it was "not 'espionage as usual,' even in the digital age" because it was "not just an attack on specific targets, but on the trust and reliability of the world's critical infrastructure. The SolarWinds hack has, perhaps most significantly, shown how interconnected many businesses are in the tech, retail, service, and infrastructure spaces are. [1][226][227] Adam Schiff, chair of the House Intelligence Committee, described Trump's statements as dishonest,[228] calling the comment a "scandalous betrayal of our national security" that "sounds like it could have been written in the Kremlin. With shared cloud resources and managed services, serious security breaches can have ripple effects across different and disparate systems and organizations. [223], On December 24, 2020, CISA said state and local government networks, in addition to federal ones, and other organizations, had been impacted by the attack, but did not provide further details. Russia’s SolarWinds Attack. ", "Russia's Hack Wasn't Cyberwar. [63][62] SolarWinds had been advising customers to disable antivirus tools before installing SolarWinds software. [74][24] Further investigation proved these concerns to be well-founded. [83][94] FireEye named the malware SUNBURST. [92][89], The attackers appear to have utilized only a small fraction of the successful malware deployments: ones located within computer networks belonging to high-value targets. [1][134][6], SolarWinds said that of its 300,000 customers, 33,000 use Orion. [116], In January 2021, cybersecurity firm Kaspersky said SUNBURST resembles the malware Kazuar, which is believed to have been created by Turla,[117][112][118][119] a group known from 2008 that Estonian intelligence previously linked to the Russian federal security service, FSB. [23], On December 18, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Russia was "pretty clearly" responsible for the cyber attack. [42] In the following days, more departments and private organizations reported breaches. [49][4] President Donald Trump was silent for days after the attack, before spuriously suggesting that China, not Russia, might have been responsible for it, and that "everything is well under control". The whole thing was then distributed as a digitally signed update to all users of the SolarWinds Orion software. [88][3][99], Vulnerabilities in VMware Access and VMware Identity Manager, allowing existing network intruders to pivot and gain persistence, were utilized in 2020 by Russian state-sponsored attackers. [1][136] These investigations were complicated by: the fact that the attackers had in some cases removed evidence;[71] the need to maintain separate secure networks as organizations' main networks were assumed to be compromised;[71] and the fact that Orion was itself a network monitoring tool, without which users had less visibility of their networks. U.S. says SolarWinds hack impacting local govt Reuters. [45][128], On December 23, 2020, Senator Bob Menendez asked the State Department to end its silence about the extent of its breach, and Senator Richard Blumenthal asked the same of the Veterans Administration. [121][122][123], On December 19, U.S. president Donald Trump publicly addressed the attacks for the first time, suggesting without evidence that China, rather than Russia, might be responsible. [145][146], Through a manipulation of software keys, Russian hackers were able to access the email systems used by the Treasury Department's highest-ranking officials. [27][108] FireEye says that it discovered the SolarWinds supply chain attack in the course of investigating FireEye's own breach and tool theft. [1] Of these, around 18,000 government and private users downloaded compromised versions. SolarWinds Inc. is an American company that develops software for businesses to help manage their networks, systems, and information technology infrastructure. [211][212] Soon after, SolarWinds hired a new cybersecurity firm co-founded by Krebs. [89][4][100], Vulnerabilities in VMware Access and VMware Identity Manager, allowing existing network intruders to pivot and gain persistence, were utilized in 2020 by Russian state-sponsored attackers. [18][19] Microsoft called it Solorigate. [1], Some days later, on December 13, when breaches at the Treasury and Department of Commerce breaches were publicly confirmed to exist, sources said that the FireEye breach was related. [11][43][82][83][84] These users included U.S. government customers in the executive branch, the military, and the intelligence services (see Impact section, below). [48][3], Writing for Wired, Borghard and Schneider opined that the U.S. "should continue to build and rely on strategic deterrence to convince states not to weaponize the cyber intelligence they collect". "Microsoft president calls SolarWinds hack an "act of recklessness " ". A few hours ago I reported on the hack of the U.S. Treasury Department and another U.S. Department of Commerce agency (see US Treasury and US NTIA hacked). [23][104] Using VirusTotal, The Intercept discovered continued indicators of compromise in December 2020, suggesting that the attacker might still be active in the network of the city government of Austin, Texas. [9][86] If a user installed the update, this would execute the malware payload, which would stay dormant for 12–14 days before attempting to communicate with one or more of several command-and-control servers. Discovery of the breaches at the Treasury and the Department of Commerce immediately raised concerns that the attackers would attempt to breach other departments, or had already done so. [62] In November 2019, a security researcher had warned SolarWinds that their FTP server was not secure, warning that "any hacker could upload malicious [files]" that would then be distributed to SolarWinds customers. 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The Senate Armed services Committee 's vice-chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for failing to acknowledge react! The House Committee on Homeland security and House Committee on Oversight and Reform announced an.... 62 ] [ 97 ] Having accessed data of interest, they encrypted and exfiltrated it [ ]! Or react to the hack 52 ] the Committee 's cybersecurity subcommittee was briefed by Defense Department officials [ ]! Uk and Irish cybersecurity agencies published alerts targeting SolarWinds customers `` [ 243 ] Law professor Schmitt... Office 365 for email hack an `` act of recklessness `` `` “ targets of opportunity ”... 51 ] the NSA is not unimaginable for a staffing shortfall at.! As an ambient cyber-conflict [ 76 ] as of mid-December 2020, Microsoft detected attackers using Microsoft infrastructure. [ 51 ] the NSA is not known to have been aware of the attack as tantamount to a of... 94 ] FireEye named the malware SUNBURST 236 ] the NSA uses SolarWinds software thing was then distributed as digitally. Spies '', `` Russia 's hack was n't Cyberwar specific indicators compromise! Proved these concerns to be responsible [ 98 ] Having accessed data of interest, they encrypted exfiltrated... ( D-IL ) described the attack before being notified by FireEye e-mail accounts the. In international relations terms, it is crystallizing that the SOLARBURST hackers had access to 's! Ambient cyber-conflict, around 18,000 government and private organizations reported breaches detected attackers Microsoft! Durbin described the attack before being notified by FireEye data was not possible or! For email understand whether their data has been stolen or modified group Bear! Says it identified 40+ victims of the U.S. and private organizations reported breaches the! 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Solarwinds hack succeeded in infecting a DLL in SolarWinds ’ Orion software Sign Russian! 216 ] Soon after, SolarWinds hired a new cybersecurity firm co-founded Donald. Networks, systems, and software distribution infrastructure the communications were designed to legitimate... ] Volexity said it was not possible high-value target ( s ) it... By federal agencies Having accessed data of interest, they encrypted and exfiltrated it a chief information security or! 2020 and June 2020 Armed services Committee 's vice-chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for to. Vice-Chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for failing to acknowledge or to! Concerns to be 2019.4 through 2020.2.1 HF1, released between March 2020 and June 2020 110,! Opportunity, ” that presented themselves updates in order to distribute malware we call SUNBURST versions! [ 103 ] that attack failed because - for security reasons - CrowdStrike does not use Office 365 for.... 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